Fire Risk Assessments
This is NOT an optional document and is mandatory by UK law and should be the foundation for all the fire precautions in your premises.
Our Fire Risk Assessment approach
We follow a ‘5-step’ approach to Life Safety Fire Risk Assessments as required by the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 and utilise PAS 79 (a framework for Qualitative Risk Assessment which offers a methodology and structured approach to Fire Risk Assessment for people with knowledge of the principles of fire safety). This means that when a fire officer inspects your premises, the report will meet their ‘suitable and sufficient’ criteria.
1. A full site assessment that identifies the hazards and risks within your premises, the persons at risk and evaluation of fire safety including;
Building design, age and condition
Evaluation of the persons at risk
Sources of ignition and fuel
Management and prevention processes and policies
Means of escape
Measure to manage or mitigate risk
Fire safety equipment, signage, training and drills
2. A bespoke and detailed action plan with prioritised recommendations for action to rectify problem areas and strengthen existing fire safety procedures that when acted upon;
Will reduce the risk of fire and, in the unlikely event of a fire, reduce the negative impact that it would have on your business, your employees, the environment, and the local community
Improve protective & preventative fire safety measures
Assist in achieving compliance with current Fire Safety Legislation
Provide a safer working environment for your employees and other relevant persons
3. Fire Risk Consultancy Aftercare Service that includes;
12 months free mediation with the local Fire Safety Officer regarding any aspects of your Fire Risk Assessment
12 months free mediation with other enforcing authorities HSE, OFSTED, CQC, Licensing on any issue relating to your Fire Risk Assessment
We have a team of Fire Safety Experts that will advise you on your Fire Safety Actions or any Fire Safety concerns you may have in relation to you premises
This service will be provided by telephone support. Should any further visits to your premises be required then an additional charge will be made.
4. To keep your Fire Risk Assessment up to date and still accurate for the premises it should be reviewed periodically. This may be required more frequently for higher risk premises (6 monthly) and less frequently for low risk premises (12 monthly).
A full new Fire Risk Assessment would be recommended annually unless all action plan points from the previous risk assessment had been completed and the fire safety logbook is being completed & maintained to a high standard.
5. Periodic and/or annual review of your Fire Risk Assessment should you require. On the recommended review date, you will be offered a unique opportunity to Review or Renew your Fire Risk Assessment. This is only available to our existing customers as it is offered at a very competitive rate.
6. Advice on evacuation strategies.
7. All our Fire Risk Assessments will be covered by our Professional Indemnity Insurance.
To arrange your Fire Risk Assessment, call us now or enquire via our contact form.
Fire Risk Consultancy Services have the knowledge and experience to assist your business to comply with all legal requirements surrounding fire risk assessments, fire safety training and full advisory service. Be sure to read our accompanying pages in this section: Priority Package, Review or Renew, Fire Risk Assessment Template, Apartments and Flats and HMO’s (including the new HMO rules – 2018).
Frequently Asked Questions
A Fire Risk Assessment (FRA) is a legal requirement for all ‘non-domestic’ premises, involving a systematic evaluation of your workplace to ascertain the likelihood that there will be a fire and the consequences if one were to occur. The FRA also identifies corrective actions and further steps to achieve an appropriate level of fire safety.
If you are an employer with more than 5 employees (including part-time staff), have business premises that are visited by members of the public or are a voluntary organisation, are a landlord with control over a business premises, if you own HMO properties, are self-employed with business premises, own licensed premises, then YES you are subject to the Order and you need to make sure a suitably competent person completes a Fire Risk Assessment.
In short, the legislation applies to all places of work with little exception.
There are 5 Key Stages to a Fire Risk Assessment
Step 1. Identify the fire hazards
Step 2. Decide who might be harmed and how
Step 3. Evaluate, Remove, Reduce and Protect from the risk
Step 4. Record your findings, Plan, Inform, Instruct and Train
Step 5. Review and Revise
A Fire Risk Assessment includes a series of checks with a definitive ‘audit’ to help you identify fire hazards, rectify any problems or inadequate equipment and structural risks or procedures. It should also put an effective (documented) fire safety plan into place.
The Fire Risk Assessment should cover (according to Government guidelines):
Emergency routes and exits
Fire detection and warning systems
Firefighting equipment condition
Removal (or safe storage) of dangerous substances
Emergency fire evacuation plan
Vulnerable peoples’ needs (the elderly, young children or those with disabilities)
Information for employees and other people on the premises
Fire safety training for staff
The law does not currently state who is allowed to carry out a Fire Risk Assessment. However, please be aware though, that the person carrying out the assessment must have sufficient training, knowledge of fire safety and experience to make judgements about the fire risks and the solutions required. The person must be competent enough to complete a ‘suitable and sufficient’ assessment of that particular building.
As described above and further to the 5 Key Stages – you should include housekeeping, electrical safety, heating, equipment and machinery, storage areas, dangerous substances (storage and use), building layout and insulated core panels, including kitchen areas, restricting the spread of fire, building works, arson etc.
This is not an exhaustive list and you need to identify and control, the risks specific to your business.
Generic templates and checklists are not adequate, especially if you are not qualified to undertake fire risk assessments.
Dependant on your area:
In England and Wales – The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
In Northern Ireland – The Fire and Rescue Services (Northern Ireland) Order 2006 and The Fire Safety Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2010.
The Order was brought in by the UK government in 2005 to improve fire safety in virtually all buildings, structures, and open spaces. For example offices and shops; warehouses and factories; transport premises and facilities; entertainment, pubs, clubs and restaurants; open-air events and venues; residential, hotels and hostels (including common areas of houses in multiple occupation); premises that provide residential care and health care; educational premises; places of worship; community halls; tents and marquees etc.
However, the Order does exclude domestic properties occupied by a single-family unit.
Responsibility for complying with the Order rests with the ‘responsible person’.
In a workplace, this is the employer and any other person who may have control of any part of the premises, e.g. the occupier or owner.
In all other premises, the person or people in control of the premises will be responsible. If there is more than one ‘responsible person’ in any type of premises (e.g. a multi-occupied complex), all must take all reasonable steps to co-operate and co-ordinate with each other.
Following the assessment, you will need to implement the appropriate fire safety measures. This will help you minimise the risk to life in the event of a fire.
Local Fire & Rescue Services enforce the legislation. An inspector appointed by a fire authority has extensive powers including the power to enter and to inspect any premises and anything in them; power to conduct interviews to find out whether the Order has been complied with and to identify the Responsible Person in relation to the premises.
Minor offences to the fire safety of premises can be charged penalties of up to £5,000. The charges do not stop there. Major fire safety breach penalties can be anything from an unlimited fine, up to a maximum of 2 years imprisonment.